Budget and Appropriations

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Biden Budget Proposal Advances AI Priorities

On March 11, 2024, US President Joe Biden released his Fiscal Year (FY) 2025 budget request, which included proposals on U.S. Artificial Intelligence (AI) development and efforts to implement the Biden Administration’s Executive Order (EO) on AI. The budget identifies the National Science Foundation (NSF) as central to U.S. leadership in AI, requesting $10.2 billion … Continue Reading

Beware the Ides of March: Four Questions and Answers to Guide Your Organization’s Preparation for the Upcoming Appropriations Process

Federal appropriations provide annual discretionary funding for our government to carry out its mission and, in turn, spur various organizations towards efficiencies and achievements. Whether you serve an entity interested in the government’s work in disease research or a nonprofit hospital requesting community project funding for infrastructure needs, it is important for those seeking funding … Continue Reading

Winter Work: Congressional Action Items During This Election Year

A new year means a new congressional session – yet our lawmakers are carrying over policy debates that did not conclude in consensus prior to their holiday recess. The House of Representatives and Senate will consider critical government funding legislation, deadline-driven authorizing bills, and other potential reforms, but agreement will need to be found between … Continue Reading

Lack of Consensus, Lapse in Appropriations: Anatomy of a Federal Government Shutdown

The US Constitution provides that “No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law” (Article I, Section 9, Clause 7). Congress maintains the power of the purse, and federal government agencies and programs reliant on discretionary budget authority experience funding gaps if appropriations expire prior to the enactment … Continue Reading

Webinar: Congressional Actions to Address the Debt Limit and Implications for Future Legislative Compromise or Gridlock

On August 9th, 2023 at 2:00 pm EDT, Beth Goldstein and Jeff Turner will be leading a discussion on the debt limit. The debt limit (or debt ceiling) is the total amount of outstanding debt that the US Department of the Treasury can incur. Earlier this year, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen notified Congress that the … Continue Reading

Follow the Money: The Meaning Behind President Joe Biden’s Fiscal Year 2024 Budget Request

Yesterday, President Joe Biden put forward an outline of his Fiscal Year 2024 Budget Request to Congress, laying out his funding and policy priorities and recommendations for the fiscal year that begins on October 1. Not surprisingly, Republicans uniformly panned it, and Democrats embraced it. Political obstacles stand in the way of Congress passing a … Continue Reading

FY2023 Spending Bills Face Uncertain Future as Fiscal Year Deadline Looms

Will the House complete consideration of all 12 fiscal year 2023 appropriations bills before the August recess?  Will Senate appropriators keep pace with their House counterparts?  What obstacles must the House and Senate overcome to complete spending bills following the mid-term elections?  With the August congressional recess only weeks away, House and Senate appropriators are … Continue Reading

The Latest on the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

On Tuesday, the House Rules Committee advanced a structured rule for House floor consideration of 476 amendments to the Fiscal Year 2022 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). The NDAA provides annual authorization of appropriations for the Department of Defense (DOD) and defense-related activities at other federal agencies. Congressional appropriations committees are responsible for providing budget … Continue Reading

Transition 2020 | Defense and National Security Policy Under the Incoming Biden Administration

Both major change and desired continuity can be expected.  Beginning with perhaps the most historically significant change we expect to see in President-elect Biden’s defense and national security organizations, we believe that the Nation will see the first female serving as the Secretary of Defense.… Continue Reading

What Does the Lame Duck Session of Congress Hold for US Federal Appropriations and COVID Negotiations?

Will former Vice President Joe Biden prevail in his quest to become president, or does President Trump once again defy conventional wisdom as he did in 2016?   Do Democrats attain majority status in both chambers of Congress, or will Republicans maintain a Senate firewall?   What lies ahead with regard to fiscal year 2021 … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – August 6, 2020

Pressure is mounting on Republican and Democratic negotiators in the US Capitol to reach an agreement on a COVID-19 response package that can pass both chambers of a divided Congress and be signed into law by President Donald Trump in the coming days. But evidence persists that the March 27 enactment of the massive CARES … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – August 4, 2020

Bipartisan talks in Washington continue with the aim of producing a significant COVID-19 response and economic “stimulus” measure that can be signed into law by President Donald Trump this summer. Republicans and Democrats remain far apart in the negotiations, according to sources on both sides of the talks. But discussions continue as pressure mounts on … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – July 30, 2020

Talks among party leaders in Washington about a future COVID-19 relief package are at an impasse, with Democrats still adamant about enacting legislation that injects trillions of additional dollars into the American economy, and Republicans seemingly trying to run out the clock in hopes Democrats will consent to passing a “skinny” deal that temporarily addresses … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – July 28, 2020

Bipartisan negotiations aimed at producing the next major federal COVID-19 response legislation – delayed by more than a week of infighting between congressional Republicans and the White House – are finally underway. The baseline for the talks: HEROES vs. HEALS, pitting the US$3.5 trillion HEROES Act passed by the US House of Representatives in May … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – July 23, 2020

The enhanced unemployment benefits created by the March 27 CARES Act are set to expire in eight days. The US Congress will need more time than that to determine a path to passage of the next major bipartisan pandemic response legislation – assuming Republicans and Democrats in Washington are able to eventually reach agreement on … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – July 16, 2020

Coronavirus cases in the US are surging. States are closing bars and restaurants. States, local governments, schools and private enterprises are calling upon the federal government for aid, and the US Congress is preparing to craft bipartisan emergency legislation of US$1 trillion or more. It’s March 2020 all over again – only this time, legislators … Continue Reading

Public Policy Briefing – July 9, 2020

The House and Senate will not return to Washington until July 20, but discussions among the “four corners” in the US Congress are underway with the intent of crafting a bipartisan COVID-19 relief measure that can be signed into law by President Donald Trump by the end of July. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) and … Continue Reading

Land and Water Conservation Fund Clears First Congressional Hurdle for Permanent Funding

What happened: Last week the Senate passed a landmark piece of legislation – the Great American Outdoors Act.  Under the legislation, the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) would be permanently and fully funded at $900 million annually rather than funding levels being determined by the congressional appropriations process each year. What is next: The … Continue Reading

Redefined by COVID-19 and Shaped by Current Events: What’s Ahead for US Federal Appropriations

How has COVID-19 altered the US federal appropriations process? What steps is Congress taking to adopt must-pass fiscal year 2021 spending bills? Will the United States experience another government shutdown this year? Attention in Congress will soon turn to the annual appropriations process and passage of fiscal year 2021 spending bills.  In addition to funding … Continue Reading

Markups on Appropriations Bills Begin in the House this Week with FY2018 MilCon-VA Bill; House Republican Members Push for an Omnibus Before August Recess

Legislative Activity Markups on Appropriations Bills Begin in the House this Week with FY2018 MilCon-VA Bill; House Republican Members Push for an Omnibus Before August Recess Appropriations subcommittees in the House will commence FY 2018 spending bill markups this week, with the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs (MilCon-VA) subcommittee markup scheduled for this evening. Still … Continue Reading

With a Passing Glance at the President’s Request, Congress Continues Work on FY 2018 Appropriations

Legislative Activity With a Passing Glance at the President’s Request, Congress Continues Work on FY 2018 Appropriations President Trump’s FY 2018 budget request, which was released on May 23, was received in Congress with reservation by Democrats and Republicans alike. The $4.09 trillion federal budget request, entitled “A New Foundation for American Greatness,” proposes cutting … Continue Reading

President Trump’s Budget to be Released; Appropriations Committee Work for FY 2018 Begins

Legislative Activity President Trump’s FY 2018 budget This week brings the long-anticipated full details of President Trump’s FY 2018 budget, which is expected to be released on Tuesday. The Administration’s “skinny budget” released in March indicated the potential for large cuts to several agencies amounting to a $54 billion reduction in domestic spending. The budget … Continue Reading